How to Choose a Motherboard | Step by Step Guide

how to choose a motherboard

Picking a motherboard is an immensely significant part of building a PC. The motherboard is a device that interfaces every part of the machinery, communicates all the Chips smartly. It performs like a processor’s backbone. In this writing, we will guide you on choosing a motherboard and explaining the main points that will help you find a motherboard that fits your needs.

A first-time buyer or a newbie in gaming follows friends or a person with enough computer hardware knowledge. But if you do not belong to such a group, we are here to give you the best advice for your new computer system now.

If you have the question in your mind that how to choose a motherboard, check out our lined-up components. Be confident in picking the right option for you.

Here are the most significant points while picking a motherboard:

Ensure About The Form Factor For Your Motherboard

The form factor is particularly significant if you want to know how to choose a motherboard. It helps your PC frameworks and needs to guarantee that you buy the right case and components.

The form factor of a motherboard decides the determinations for its overall shape and size. It additionally indicates what sort of case and force flexibly will be bolstered, the arrangement of mounting gaps, and the physical format and association of the board.

Features Of Form Factors:

These are some common form factors of the motherboard that will help you to choose a motherboard.

Form Factor

Memory Slots

Standard-ATX

Up To 8 Memory Slots

Micro-ATX

Up To 4 Memory Slots

Mini-ATX

2 Memory Slots

ATX (12 x 9.6 inches): The ATX is the most common size for a compatible full-size motherboard. A standard ATX motherboard supports seven expansion slots, spaced 0.7 separated, and four DIMM (memory) spaces.

Extended ATX or eATX (12 x 13 inches): A more significant variation of the ATX structure factor intended for fan and expert use. These sheets have extra land for progressively adaptable equipment setups.

Micro ATX (9.6 X 9.6inches): Micro ATX highlighting two full-size (×16) extension slots and four DIMM spaces. Fits into smaller than usual pinnacles, however, stays good with the mounting gaps in more prominent ATX cases.

Mini ATX (5.9 x 5.9 inches): Small ATX considers intended to utilize reduced PCs without fan cooling. It gives one full-size PCIe space and typically two DIMM slots. Mounting gaps are again good with ATX cases.

How to pick the best form factor for the motherboard

This table will assist you with picking the right form factor for your motherboard.

Form Factor

Dimensions (inches)

Supported Cases Screwholes

Extended-ATX

12 x 13

EATX Cases

Standard-ATX

12 x 9.6

Full/Mid ATX Cases

Micro-ATX

9.6 X 9.6

Full/Mid/Micro ATX Cases

Mini-ATX

5.9 x 5.9

Full/Mid/Micro/Mini ATX Cases

Work area motherboard measurements are profoundly normalized. If you purchase another motherboard and not sure what size will fit, you can generally quantify your old motherboard and contrast it with various sizes. 

The ATX board is well known, as it has the expansion of more extension spaces, which can be helpful. Micro ATX is equipped for fitting even inside the full ATX cases, as the screw openings coordinate the ones on the motherboard. Yet can’t fit inside a Mini-ATX case due to the motherboard being truly bigger than the case itself.

Ensure About The Right Processor Socket

After choosing a form factor, the next selection in this topic, how to choose a motherboard, is a compatible processor as it directly connects to the system performance.

CPU socket makes a processor part of your PC, giving force and offering a path for the CPU to speak with the remainder of your framework equipment.

If you do not get the appropriate CPU for your system, it will affect the system’s speed. It is advisable to keep a selection in your mind before purchasing a form factor. 

There have been various kinds of processors in the market, but most appropriate are Intel LGA socket and AMD PGA socket. Both are very different in shape and sizes. It means, it depends on what sort of attachment you have on your motherboard; it will determine what processor you can purchase.

Check the CPUs spec and find out the best belonging device for your motherboard. You will most likely need to consider what CPU you need first and then buy your motherboard.

Ensure The Right Random Access Memory (RAM)

The Random-Access Memory (RAM) briefly holds the data your PC needs at present. It considers one of the core components while discussing how to choose a motherboard.

A subset of RAM is known as the cache. The supports storing frequently used data in the RAM and allows quick access once require. The cache is a memory that interfaces legitimately to the CPU on the motherboard. Sufficient memory can help a system to run many programs without bottlenecks.

Recent Intel and AMD motherboards reinforce the double channel memory feature. There are two separate channels moving information between the CPU’s memory controller and a DIMM (dual in-line memory modules) RAM. For whatever length of time that RAM sticks are introduced two by two with coordinating frequencies, this prompts speedier information move and better execution in specific applications.

Ensure The Right Chipset

The chipset is also a core component if you want to get some information regarding how to choose a motherboard. It guarantees the maximum support to the CPU.

The chipset is liable for how the devices speak with one another. A wrong decision can affect BIOS (we will discuss the BIOS after the chipset) even it won’t identify the CPU, although the processor has many sockets supports there. If you do not get an appropriate chipset, it means you have to update your BIOS or replace the motherboard. 

To ensure the best information regarding chipset, we see the champ chipsets of Intel and AMD. Both have many options for the chip in terms of cost and performances.

Intel Chipset

Here is a quick review of the Intel chipset series:

Chipset

Code Name

Supports Overclocking

Integrated Wireless AC

USB 3.1 G1

USB 3.1 G2

USB 3.0

USB 2.0

Z370

Coffee Lake

Yes

No

0

0

10

14

Z390

Coffee Lake

Yes

Yes

10

6

0

14

H370

Coffee Lake

No

Yes

8

4

0

14

H310

Coffee Lake

No

Yes

4

0

0

10

Z Series:  

Intel chipset, Z390 supports incredible overclocking, and USB 3.1 Gen2 Ports. It offers the maximum 24 PCIe lanes that consider the sufficient quality for various frameworks.

There is a slight difference between Z370 and Z390, the Z390 features with native wireless AC capabilities, making it more comfortable in the implementation of the wireless connection.

H Series: 

The H series is good enough but does not support overclocking. The H370 is a perfect choice for the modest build, but no multi GPU support and overclocking meet here.

H series supports 20 PCIe lanes and up to four USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports. If you are not freaky with OC, then H370 is a good option for you.

AMD Chipset

Here is a quick review of the AMD chipset series:

Chipset

Code Name

Supports Overclocking

Integrated Wireless AC

USB 3.1 G1

USB 3.1 G2

USB 3.0

USB 2.0

X470

Socket AM4

Yes

No

10

2

0

6

X399

Socket TR4

Yes

No

14

2

0

6

X370

Socket AM4

Yes

No

10

2

0

6

B350

Socket AM4

Yes

No

6

2

0

6

B450

Socket AM4

Yes

No

6

2

0

6

X Series: 

Before settling to get one of the X series chipsets, the X470 must be progressively costly with slight advantages. If you already own an X370, the upgrade of X470 is not recommended. X470 and X370 are comparable; the two of them bolster the AM4 Ryzen Sockets.

The difference is only in two is the X470 supports higher memory speed with more USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports; however, X370 supports USB 3.1 Gen 2 ports. Both offer to overclock and have not capabilities of integrated wireless AC.

B Series:  

B350 and B450 are motherboards for individuals who couldn’t care less for multi GPUs yet additionally need to hold some overclock ability.

The B450 let the processor overclock, and the distinction of overclocking might be recognizable to increasingly experienced clients, so for most players, both chipsets offer something very similar.

Understanding Of The Motherboard BIOS

What is the motherboard BIOS

The chipset is also a core component if you want to get some information regarding how to choose a motherboard. It guarantees the maximum support to the CPU.

The chipset is liable for how the devices speak with one another. A wrong decision can affect BIOS (we will discuss the BIOS after the chipset) even it won’t identify the CPU, although the processor has many sockets supports there.

If you do not get an appropriate chipset, it means you have to update your BIOS or replace the motherboard. 

To ensure the best information regarding chipset, we see the champ chipsets of Intel and AMD. Both have many options for the chip in terms of cost and performances.

Four Main Purposes Of BIOS

1. The BIOS enables the user to overclock depending if it’s empowered on that particular motherboard.

2. You will initially need to realize how to get to the BIOS before you endeavor to do any overclocking to your system.

3. There will be a time where you need to adhere to the screen guidelines to get the BIOS upon the boot procedure.

4. The BIOS obligation is to direct the information stream between the CPU, RAM, and hard circles.

Update The BIOS

BIOS’s main feature is to build a bridge between your software and hardware, so update BIOS is very easy and advisable whenever it needs.

Download the proper BIOS firmware for your framework from the manufacturer’s web page. While this procedure differs by the maker, this should be sufficiently simple to situate from your web search tool of decision with the above motherboard data. 

With the most recent BIOS downloaded, extricate the record as required and copy it onto the root registry of your USB stick. It will make it simpler to discover when you’re searching for it later and not rename it at all, or your PC will get confounded.

DIMM Slots

DIMM (double in-line memory module) slots are the spot on your motherboard where the RAM goes. This way, you may likewise observe DIMM spaces alluded to as RAM Slots.

The more DIMM slots a motherboard has, the more RAM you can introduce. Minimum slots mean small RAM, and somehow you need to increase your RAM; at that point, you need to change your motherboard.

Before buying a motherboard, we suggest that you have as a top priority the amount of RAM you need with the goal that when you purchase a motherboard. You won’t have a similarity issue because of the board not supporting enough RAM.

The RAM is also an essential component for learning how to choose a motherboard, so the DIMM memory is an essential feature of RAM.

There is a direct relation between DIMM slots and RAM storage room.

However, as much headroom as could be expected, we suggest getting an ATX board unquestionably. They have more significant number of slots for additional RAM than the littler mainboards.

How To Make Sure All Motherboard Components Are Compatible?

Hopefully, we are covering all the main features for choosing a motherboard, and it is capable of fulfilling all your desires related to gaming and other working tasks.

Few points should be in your mind to check the compatibility of the motherboard with other devices. RAM and the motherboard should be good, in size, however, its speed also.

The standard motherboard would maximum be able to out at 64 GB of RAM, which implies you should buy a remarkable motherboard to surpass that limit. 

The RAM and CPU have a cozy relationship, they invest the majority of their energy correspondence with one another, and they can speak with each if they’re perfect. Utilizing the Ryzen 1900X or i7 8700K, for instance, these processors can just help DDR4 Memory, and that’s it. 

The RAM speed of transferring data in DDR4 is between 1600 MHz and 3200 MHz. Without DDR4 module RAM is not sufficient to fit in the DDR4 socket, so the capabilities should be in your mind.

You should have enough knowledge regarding how to choose a motherboard for your upcoming new PC. The motherboard must be perfect with the case and check the specifications of form factors to solve this issue. 

Scalable Link Interface (SLI)

SLI is a parallel processing algorithm for computer graphics, intended to build the accessible handling power. The SLI permits at least two illustrations cards to be connected to part the data to be delivered. It is an advantage for those who want to build their PCs with dual GPUs. 

The SLI is most appropriate for those frameworks focused on tremendous execution more prominent than what top of the line cards can accomplish. Another favorable position over SLI is that it approaches to see quick gains, which are a solitary card, will consistently be productive at delivering than two cards attempting to work all the while.

Usually, it needs 2 PCIe x16 spaces to run x8 standard performance. If one of your slots performs slow and the other is fast so the fast slot will perform at slow speed. The compatibility of more than one graphic card is mandatory here for incredible productivity.

Motherboards With WIFI

How to choose a motherboard is a statement that raises many questions for various available options of wifi motherboards. An average desktop motherboard, especially a spending one, does not accompany worked in Wifi.

There is a heap of models out there that you can explicitly pick that has worked in Wifi. The local connection is standard among the little structure factors, for example, smaller than usual ITX, this is a direct result of an absence of upgradability.

The more significant structure factors accompany enough development spaces to actualize wifi connectivity.

Gaming Depends On A Good Motherboard

For an easygoing gamer, it doesn’t make a difference, either a motherboard is average or the best.

All you need is a motherboard, which is good with your CPU decision and has PCI Express slots for your realistic card decision. But if you are a bad-to-the-bone gamer and genuinely need a top of the line PC then motherboard turns into an extremely significant decision. 

The motherboard possibly influences execution in case you’re overclocking. Anything else does not affect the performance. Always a better-quality motherboard has a unique element to help you overclock and keep by and large framework stable after overclocking it. 

If you are interested in building a new customized PC for your gaming passion, our guide ensures the best signals for choosing a motherboard. Form factor cannot ignore here; a motherboard is likewise significant as low budget motherboards have fewer features like fewer PCIe spaces.

However, large motherboards give a significant breathing space to other hardware devices for installations.

Last Few Words

Above all, components are essential for beginners and who are keen to have information on how to choose a motherboard. We tried to make these all devices understandable for everyone.

If you are planning to buy a new PC or building a motherboard for your passion and work, our article will support you in all aspects. Still, if you have some confusion, ask your queries in the comment section below.

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